Nanlalabo na ba ang inyong mata?, katarata o pagod na kayong gumamit pa ng salamin sa mata?
A little different. A little surprising. And most definitely out of the ordinary. That’s the story of Dr. Noel Jusay Lacsamana now considered one of the "country’s best eye specialist". Dr. Lacsamana was born and raised in Pampanga by his parents. He obtained his pre-med B.S. in Biology at the Ateneo de Manila and a full scholar at the Fatima College of Medicine and trained at the St. Luke’s Institute of Ophthalmology.
To this day, the Doctor continues his mission and by the last quarter of 2009, a state of the art hospital opened in Olongapo City with a distinguished doctor as President and CEO. Dr. Lacsamana’s outstanding leadership has enabled him to help people and be a pride to his family, community and country.
Among his clients are celebrities in various fields. As they always say…People go to Palawan to see the beautiful sights…. People go to IEC to see the beautiful sights clearly!!!
Eye Problems and Diseases
• CATARACT is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eye’s focus, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away.
• GLAUCOMA refers to a category of eye disorders often associated with a dangerous buildup of internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure or IOP), which can damage the eye’s optic nerve that transmits visual information to the brain. With untreated or uncontrolled glaucoma, you might eventually notice decreased ability to see at the edges of your vision (peripheral vision). Progressive eye damage could then lead to blindness.
• LASER EYE CORRECTION is a type of refractive surgery for correcting myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. LASEK is similar to other surgical corrective procedures such as photorefractive keratectomy, PRK, (also called ASA, Surface Ablation Laser Treatment) though it provides benefits such as faster patient recovery. PRK represent advances over radial keratotomy in the surgical treatment of vision problems, and are thus viable alternatives to wearing corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses for many patients.
• MYOPIA (Nearsightedness) is a refractive error where distant object comes into focus in front of the retina of the eye as a result of longer than normal eye-ball, so the distant object appears blur to the myopic eye. A bent concave lens is used to bring the focus on the retina to restore clear distance vision. However, the myopic eye can still see near objects clearly without any correction depending on the distance of the near objects in relation to the degree of myopia.
• HYPERMETROPIA (Longsightedness) is a refractive error where distant object comes into focus behind the retina when the eyes are relaxed. In adults, this condition will cause deterioration of distance vision and near visual problem due to the gradual loss of focusing ability of the eye. A bent convex lens is used to bring the focus back onto the retina.
• ASTIGMATISM is a refractive error where distant object comes into two focal lines perpendicular to one another? These lines may lie in any orientation and any position in relation to the retina. This is primarily due to the aspherical (toroidal) corneal shape.
A bent lens with a toric surface is used to correct this condition.
Astigmatism may occur by itself or may occur with one of the refractive errors but in most cases are less than 2.50 dioptres. Although for a similar degree of defect, astigmatic eyes suffer less blurness than the other refractive errors, uncorrected astigmatism often leads to eyestrain and headache due to the focal lines formed in the eye cause the eye’s focusing mechanism under strain as it constantly exert effort for best possible focus.
Uncorrected astigmatism on young children can also lead to Amblyopia.
• PRESBYOPIA is the condition where one reaches early forties, his crystalline lens starts to lose its elasticity and gradually hardening hence its focusing power diminishes, the eye finds focusing on near objects difficult.
If the presbyope has good distance vision, he will naturally hold the reading material progressively further away for clear vision. Correction is with the convex lenses of usually less than +3.00 dioptres, in the form of single vision “reading glasses” or progressive power lenses. Reading glasses is only used for reading or near visual tasks.
If he is medium or low myopic, he will remove his spectacle in order to see near objects clearly.
Progressive power lenses, which enable distance, intermediate and near vision with the same spectacle, is the most convenience for people who find switching spectacle from distance vision to reading a nuisance.
• AMBLYOPIA (Lazy eye) is a condition where the eye’s visual acuity remains poor despite best optical correction and the eye has no structural abnormality.
A child’s visual development continues till he reaches the age of about 6 years old. If there is a lack of proper stimulation to any eye during this critical period from the conditions of refractive errors, squints or cataract, the visual development of that eye will be retarded, and he will also not be able to develop stereoscopic vision.
Early detection and treatment is important to prevent amblyopia. Once amblyopia is established after the critical period, sub-normal vision cannot be corrected.
• STRABISMUS (Heterotropia, Squint or Crossed eyes) is a condition of any abnormal alignment of the two eyes and is most commonly horizontal – when one eye is looking at an object, the other eye turning horizontally to another direction.
This condition can occur at any age.
The intact co-ordination of the neural pathway from the brain to the external eye muscles provides us the normal binocularity and stereoscopic vision. When this neural pathway or external eye muscles are disrupted, the strabismus results and the sufferer see double images.
In children, the brain will learn to suppress the more deviated image thus eliminate the double vision, although the squint remains. This will lead to amblyopia of the deviating eye due to disuse, as a result of the continuing mental suppression.